- 1 How long does Congress stay in session?
- 2 How often is Congress in session?
- 3 Do Congressmen get free housing?
- 4 Why is the Senate called a continuous body?
- 5 Can the president call Congress into session?
- 6 Who sets Congress salary?
- 7 Can the president declare war?
- 8 Why are there two houses of Congress?
- 9 Are filibusters allowed in the House?
- 10 Do Congressmen pay for flights home?
- 11 Does Congress pay into Social Security?
- 12 What privileges do Congress members have?
How long does Congress stay in session?
Congress has two-year terms with one session each year.
How often is Congress in session?
Each Congress generally has two sessions, based on the constitutional mandate that Congress assemble at least once a year. In addition, a meeting of one or both houses is a session. And the Senate and House of Representatives is said to be in session on any particular day when it is meeting.
Do Congressmen get free housing?
Members of Congress pay income taxes just like every other American. The U.S. tax code states that everyone who receives revenue must pay an income tax, including Representatives and Senators. FACT: Members of Congress do not receive free housing or any housing reimbursement.
Why is the Senate called a continuous body?
Only one- third of senators are elected every two years (two-thirds of the senators remain current members). Therefore, the Senate is a “continuous body.” The Senate does not adopt rules every two years but depends more on tradition and precedent when determining procedure.
Can the president call Congress into session?
Article II, Section 3 of the Constitution provides that the President “may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them.” Extraordinary sessions have been called by the Chief Executive to urge the Congress to focus on important national issues.
Who sets Congress salary?
Seeking to narrow state powers over the central government, the Constitution’s authors provided that congressional salaries would come from the federal treasury, with Congress setting the actual amount.
Can the president declare war?
It provides that the president can send the U.S. Armed Forces into action abroad only by declaration of war by Congress, “statutory authorization,” or in case of “a national emergency created by attack upon the United States, its territories or possessions, or its armed forces.”
Why are there two houses of Congress?
To balance the interests of both the small and large states, the Framers of the Constitution divided the power of Congress between the two houses. Every state has an equal voice in the Senate, while representation in the House of Representatives is based on the size of each state’s population.
Are filibusters allowed in the House?
At the time, both the Senate and the House of Representatives allowed filibusters as a way to prevent a vote from taking place. Subsequent revisions to House rules limited filibuster privileges in that chamber, but the Senate continued to allow the tactic.
Do Congressmen pay for flights home?
Official travel usually includes travel paid for out of Congressional funds, as well as the travel of Members, Senators or staff abroad as part of an official delegation. All official travel must be paid for or authorized by the House or Senate.
Does Congress pay into Social Security?
Congressional pensions, like those of other federal employees, are financed through a combination of employee and employer contributions. All Members pay Social Security payroll taxes equal to 6.2% of the Social Security taxable wage base ($128,400 in 2018).
What privileges do Congress members have?
Privileges. Under the Constitution, members of both houses enjoy the privilege of being free from arrest in all cases, except for treason, felony, and breach of the peace. This immunity applies to members during sessions and when traveling to and from sessions.